Call for Papers for the Conference:
Expanding Islamic Art Historiography: The 1873 Vienna World’s Fair
University of Vienna, 12–13 Nov 2021
Deadline: 18 Apr 2021
While research on Islamic art became a scholarly field in the twentieth century, it built on studies and perspectives of the nineteenth century.
This period saw an intellectual, documentary, artistic, and commercial exploration of ‘Oriental’ art, and this encounter was accompanied by the rise of academic art history and the museum, and of art reform movements and historicist styles.
The 1873 Vienna World’s Fair is a particularly suitable trajectory for expanding Islamic art historiography into this period. It was staged when commercialisation and popularisation, as well as academisation and categorisation of Islamic arts and architecture began to accelerate. Scholarship has recognised the nineteenth-century world’s fairs as a major stage for ‘Oriental’ displays from a global outlook. In Vienna, the organisers promoted the representation of a large number of ‘Oriental’ countries and foregrounded cultural themes, as to distinguish from previous fairs in London and Paris. The Ottoman Empire, Persia, Egypt, Tunisia, and Morocco partook with a large number of national pavilions designed with motifs of Islamic architecture and showcasing crafts, artefacts, and historic objects of Islamic art. Their appreciation and broad reception was on display in orientalising designs of products by the European art industries. Paintings, photographs, commissioned books, and articles in newspapers further contributed to the image of ‘Oriental’ or Islamic art.
This conference aims to look at the Vienna Fair as an intersection of processes and phenomena that contributed to Islamic art historiography. As the sesquicentennial is approaching, the conference will explore the Fair as spaces for exhibiting Islamic arts and architecture, for their commercial and artistic reception, and for setting scholarship in motion. Looking through the lens of the Fair and investigating its making and impact reveals processes that contributed to perceiving and categorising, collecting and studying, institutionalising and commercialising Islamic art, within international, national, and local perspectives. The organisers invite papers ranging from case studies to theory discussions.
Please send an abstract (250 words) and a preliminary title to firstname.lastname@example.org by April 18, 2021.
Abstracts will undergo peer review. Applicants will be notified by 26 May 2021. The conference will take place at the University of Vienna. Papers presented in person are preferred, while online participation is possible. Participants presenting a paper will be offered financial support for travel and accommodation. The organisers intend to publish the conference papers in a volume that meets the sesquicentennial in 2023.
Markus Ritter, Dr phil., Professor History of Islamic Art;
Sabiha Göloğlu, PhD; Franziska Niemand, MA;
Department of Art History, University of Vienna, Spitalgasse 2, 1090 Vienna, Austria.
Topics, which can connect to Islamic art historiography, include but are not limited to:
• how objects of ‘Oriental’ or Islamic art were presented, in what context, and which objects were exhibited, ranging from commercial crafts and artefacts to assemblages of historic art pieces (e.g., the Ottoman ‘Sultan’s Treasury’ or the paintings of the Hamzanameh brought from Persia);
• the various ways of using Islamic architecture in the pavilions and exhibition spaces; their architects and designers;
• background of experts who planned, chose objects, and designed architecture (e.g., Franz Schmoranz, Jan Machytka, Jakob Polak from Austria-Hungary; Osman Hamdi and Pietro Montani for the Ottomans; or Ḥusayn-ʿAli for Persia);
• European commercial reception by the art industries, in Austria-Hungary: carpets of Haas, glass of Lobmeyr, ceramics of Zsolnay, furniture of Storck and Fix;
• migration of objects via the Fair to collections, museums, and subsequent exhibitions;
• reproduction of objects for education, craft schools, and other purposes;
• topography of presenting Islamic art in the Fair; decision-making and organization of protagonists on behalf of Austria-Hungary and the participating Islamic countries;
• comparative view of the presence and presentation of Islamic art, in terms of the period, in the Vienna Fair and other fairs and exhibitions;
• effects on institutions, such as the rise of arts and crafts museums in Austria-Hungary, and the foundation of the Oriental Museum in Vienna;
• relation to the subsequent rise of Islamic art exhibitions, e.g., in Vienna on ‘Islamic architecture,’ ‘Arab interiors,’ ‘Oriental ceramics,’ and ‘Oriental carpets’;
• inclusion of ‘Oriental’ viz. Islamic art into discourses of art history, applied arts, national art, folk art – internationally, in the German speaking countries, and the Vienna school of arthistory;
• impact on art historical works that refer to Islamic art, such as by Alois Riegl and others; and on writings in applied arts, such as by Jacob von Falke and others;
• the relation of applied arts and commercial interests to the emerging art history; commercial aspects that promoted the perception and discussion of Islamic art;
• books, texts, photos, and scholarship on Islamic art, made for, during, and following the Fair, such as the large volumes on Ottoman architecture and costume, articles in the Fair’s gazette, scholarly books on carpets, glass, ceramics;
• Islamic art within the global outlook of the Fair;
• dissemination, critique, and discussion of themes related to crafts, arts, and architecture of the participating countries in newspapers and journals;
• impact on the introduction of an orientalising style in Austrian-Hungarian administered Bosnia-Herzegovina;
• repercussions, discussions, and effects on arts in Islamic countries.